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Iran's UNESCO World Heritages


  • Date of Submission: 2010
  • State, Region or Province: Aredebil Province
  • Category: Cultural 
  • Ref: 1345

Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble

The Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble in Ardabil was Built at the beginning of the 16th century, however it was reconstructed at the end of the 18th century. It is mainly constructed based on Islamic architecture and consists different sections regarding to Iran's culture: A mosque, a big main library, a hospital, a school, mausoleum and so on.

After Islam came Iran till Moghol invasion, Ardebil was the largest city in North- Western Iran. At this period the town shattered for three centuries until the advent of the Safavid Dynasty, of which Sheikh Safi al-Din (1252-1334) is the eponym. Sheikh Safi al-Din followed Sheikh Zāhed e-Gilāni but after his death established his own place and developed his own way. So He founded a khānegāh in Ardabil, which was later became his shrine.

Shah Ismail, Sheikh Safi al-Din's successor as Sufi leader of the khanegah, became the first shah of the Safavid Dynasty and declared the khanegah as the state religion. The Safavids dynasty spared no expense in enriching and decorating the structure of the shrine of their ancestor with many works of art. The shrine became a focus for pilgrims from around the world and a religious ensemble containing outstanding works of art, ornamentation, and archaeology from the 14th to the 18th centuries.

List of World Heritage Sites in Iran

Tentative List

   

  • Jame' (Congregational) Mosque of Esfahan 
  • Historic ensemble of Qasr-e Shirin 
  • Firuzabad Ensemble 
  • Shush
  • Nasqsh-e Rostam and Naqsh-e Rajab
  • Tape Sialk
  • Susa
  • The Ensemble of Historical Sassanian Cities in Fars Province (Bishabpur, Firouzabad, Sarvestan)
  • Taq-e Bostan
  • The Complex of Handmade Settlements in Iran (Maymand Village) 
  • Kuh-e Khuaja
  • Shahr-e Sukhteh 
  • Persepolis and other relevant buildings
  • The Historical–Cultural Axis of Fin, Sialk, Kashan

  • Historic Monument of Kangavar
  • The Historical Structure of Yazd
  • The Historical City of Maybod
  • The Historical Port of Siraf
  • Bazaar of Qaisariye in Laar
  • The Historical Village of Abyaneh 
  • Bastam and Kharghan
  • The Historical Texture of Damghan
  • The Cultural-Natural Landscape of Ramsar
  • Kaboud Mosque
  • Tous Cultural Landscape
  • The Historical City of Masouleh
  • The Complex of Izadkhast
  • Cultural Landscape of Alamout
  • Qanats of Gonabad
  • Zozan
  • Khorramabad Valley
  • Jiroft 
  • Historical Ensemble of Qasr-e Shirin

  • Ghaznavi- Seljukian Axis in Khorasan
  • The Cultural Landscape of Uramanat 
  • Hyrcanian Forest (Caspian Forest) 
  • Qeshm Island
  • Lut Desert (the vicinity of Shahdad)
  • Arasbaran Protected Area
  • Sabalan
  • Khabr National Park and Ruchun Wildlife Refuge
  • Alisadr Cave 
  • Silk Route (Also as Silk Road)
  • The Natural-Historical Landscape of Izeh
  • The Zandiyeh Ensemble of Fars Province
  • Kerman Historical-Cultural Structure
  • Hegmataneh
  • The Collection of Historical Bridges
  • Touran Biosphere Reserve
  • Hamoun Lake 
  • Harra Protected Area
  • Damavand

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